Treaty Between the Khan of Karabakh and the Russian Empire

Draft of Treaty

IN THE NAME OF GOD ALMIGHTY

We, i..c, Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky (of the city of Shusha) and Karabaksky (of the khanate of Karabakh) and General of infantry of All Russia's troops Caucasian inspection on infantry and others Prince (knyaz) Pavel Tsitsianov with the full power given to me by his Emperor's Highness the dearest and greatest Sir Emperor Alexander Pavlovich took up with the help of God the matter of gran­ting everlasting citizenship of All Russian Empire to Ibrahim khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky with all family, posterity and posses­sions of his. The Treaty was concluded, confirmed and signed with the following articles.

Article 1

  • Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky on my behalf, on behalf of my heirs, successor abdicate any vassalage and whichever title it might be any dependence from Persia or any other state and in this way I declare the fact to the whole world that I don't consider myself and the successors of mine of having any power. The only power we recognize is the Supreme Power of His Emperor's Highness All Russia's great Emperor and his greatest heirs and successors of All Rus­sia's Emperor Throne. I promise to keep faithfulness to the throne like faithful slave and to which I have to swear on Koran in accordance with the custom.

Article 2

  • His Emperor's Highness on behalf of his openhearted promise he gives his word of honour and reassures with his Emperor's word of honour for himself and for his successors that favour and care towards Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky and will never cease to exist. To prove this fact His Emperor's Highness gives the guarantee to keep the whole possessions and successors intact.

Article 3

  • To repay the openheartedness of Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky to recognize the supreme and sole power of All Russia's Emperor over himself and his successors this article states that he, the Khan and later his elder son and each elder successor when accepting the khanate has the right to receive Emperor's confirmati­on on the khanate from the Governor of Georgia. It consist of the deed (official document), official state seal. While receiving it the new Khan is to take the oath to be faithful to Russian Empire and to recognize the supreme and sole power of Russian Emperor over himself and his successors. The form of the oath is enclosed in this Treaty. The present Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky took the oath in presence of Governor of Georgia and general of infantry prince Tsitsianov.

Article 4

  • I, i.e. Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky to prove that my intentions towards my and my successors' faithfulness to All Russia's Empire and recognition of the Supreme and sole power of the highest possessors of the Empire promise not to have any relations with neighbouring possessors without preliminary consent of Governor of Georgia. And when the envoys from them come or the letters are sent I promise to send the most important ones to the Go­vernor and demand the solving of the questions from him and the ones with less importance to be reported and discussed with the perÃ?­son representing the Governor at my place.

Article 5

  • His Emperor's Highness accepts the recognition of his supreme and sole power over the possessions of Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky with good will and promises: 1) to treat the peop­les of these possessions with the same honour as his own faithful ci­tizens without sorting them out from those inhabiting the vast Russion Empire. 2) To preserve continuously the honour of Ibrahim-khan, his house, heirs and posterity in the area of Shusha khanate. 3) To give all the power of internal governing, court and persecuti­on, income and its possession to Ibrahim-khan. 4) In order to guard Ibrahim-khan, his house and his possessions I promise to send troops (500 persons) with cannons, headquaters and officers and in case of greater defence the Governor of Georgia will have to increase the number of troops due to circumstances to defend militarily the possessions of All Russia's Empire.

Article 6

  • I, i.e. Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky in responce of my faithful diligence make commitment: 1) At the beginning and later on to store up the necessary quantity of wheat and corn by resonable price determined by the Chief Governor because its supply from Elisavetpol is rather difficult or even must be stated as impossible. 2) The above mentioned troops should be provided with houses to stay in Shusha Fortress. They should be selected by the will of the Commander. They should be supplied with reasonable quantity of firewoods. 3) To make the Elisavetpol bound entrance into Shusha fortress comfortable and to build the road suitable for arba pas­sing. 4) It would be convenient for the government to build up a road from Shusha Fortress In the direction of Djevad. The workmen must be paid the salary determined by the government.

Article 7

  • His Emperor's Highness showing his goodwill and kindness to his majesty Ibrahim-khan kindly presents his banner with the state Emblem of Russian Empire which is to be kept with him a symbol of khanate and power. Nobody except the khan has the right to car­ry it to war as it was presented by his Emperor's Highness.

Article 8

  • I, i.e. Ibrahim-khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky having His Emperor's Highness permission to spend my usual income make the commitment to pay contribution into the exchequer treasury of His Emperor's Highness in Tifliss 8.000 chervonets (gold piece coin) a year, to pay it in two halves. 1st half on February 1st and the second half on September 1st beginning with the 1st payment of 4.000 cherÃ?­vonets. Confirming the concluding this treaty by his Emperor's Highness and according to Asian tradition, besides the oath to faithfulness I pawn my elder son's Mammad-Hassan-Aga's son of the second Shukur-Ullah to stay forever in Tifliss.

Article 9

  • His Emperor's Highness kindly expressing his mercy as a taken of faithfulness guarantees his Majesty khan's grandson 10 roubles of Russian money a day.

Article 10

  • This Treaty is concluded for ever and is not to be subjected to any changes from now to forever.

    Article 11

    • The confirmation of this Treaty by His Emperor's Highness with the state sealed deed (official document) must be presented within 6 months after its signing or sooner if possible. In confirmation of that the undersigned parties signed these ar­ticles in the camp of Elisavetpol region near r. Kura in summer of 1805 A.D. (Muhammaddan 1220) on May 14th.

    Acts collected by Caucasus Archeological Commission.

    Vol 2 p. 705 Tifliss 1868.


Armenian occupation transformed Nagorno-Karabakh into a wasteland


Property abandoned by fleeing IDPs